The beginnings of the Ordnance Survey (OS) were formed in military planning following a rebellion in the Scottish Highlands in 1745. As the government grew increasingly concerned about the French Revolution, the defence ministry was directed to initiate a reconnaissance of England's most vulnerable southern ports in order to safeguard the nation. That's how the Board of Ordnance was born. After more than 250 years OS's cartographic techniques have evolved greatly giving us its most significant product, Mastermap.
OS MasterMap is the Ordnance Survey's major digital product, debuted in November 2001. It is a database that records every fixed feature of the United Kingdom that is greater than a few metres in a single continuous digital map. OS MasterMap is the foundation upon which future Ordnance Survey products will be built. It was initially known as the Digital National Framework or DNF. OS MasterMap framework's primary notion is the closer link between real-world objects and information stored in the OS spatial database. Currently, the Ordnance Survey produces four levels of MasterMap data. Every feature is assigned a unique TOID (TOpographical IDentifier), which is a simple identifier with no semantic meaning. Each TOID is paired with a polygon shape that using National Grid coordinates, reflects the area on the ground that the feature covers. Thousands of customers in government, the public and commercial sectors rely on OS MasterMap every day.
OS Mastermap with 1m contours layered on top
OS MasterMap was created to serve a wide range of professional requirements such as:
Because of ongoing examination, Ordnance Survey makes sure that OS MasterMap data is never more than six months out of date. This mapping effort is one of a kind in terms of scope and detail. OS Mastermap Topography layer updates usually take place every 6 weeks. You can check here for OS Mastermap refresh dates. So far, around 440 million TOIDs have been assigned, and the database is 600 terabytes in size.
|Original Survey Scale||99% confidence level||95% confidence level||RMSE*|
|Absolute accuracy*||0.9 m||0.8 m||0.5 m|
|Relative accuracy*||+/- 1.1 m (up to 60 m)||+/- 0.9 m (up to 60 m)||+/- 0.5 m (up to 60 m)|
|Absolute accuracy||2.4 m||1.9 m||1.1 m|
|Relative accuracy||+/- 2.5 m (up to 100m)||+/- 1.9 m (up to 100 m)||+/- 1.0 (up to 100 m)|
|Relative accuracy||+/- 10.1 m (up to 500 m)||+/- 7.7 m (up to 500 m)||+/- 4.0 m (up to 500 m)|
*Absolute accuracy: how closely the coordinates of a point in the dataset agree with the coordinates of the same point on the ground (in the British National Grid reference system).
*Relative accuracy: positional consistency of a data point or feature in relation to other local data points or features within the same or another reference dataset.
*RMSE (root mean squared error) is the square root of the mean of the squares of the errors between the observations.
All data provided by the © Ordnance Survey
Buildings, roads, tracks, walkways, railroads, rivers, lakes, ponds, constructions (such as oil storage tanks and pylons), and land parcels are examples of OS MasterMap topographic features. Non-topographic information such as administrative and electoral boundaries, cartographic text and symbols, and postal addresses are also included in the data.
It is developed for cartographic representation at 1:1250, 1:2500, and 1:10,000 scales in urban, rural, and mountain/moorland areas, respectively. In GIS OS MasterMap may be viewed at a variety of scales. Cartographic text and symbol features, which are the most scale-sensitive, are fixed in size and soon become less clear at smaller display scales when zoomed out.
OS Mastermap with building heights and the National Tree Map layered on top
A theme is a set collection of features that customers can collectively select. A feature can belong to any number of themes. All of the features included in OS Mastermap are related to at least one theme. MasterMap topography layer currently has 9 themed layers:
We sell OS MasterMap mapping in a variety of formats including CAD (DWG and DXF), GIS (GML) and raster (PDF and PNG). We also an option to purchase a summarised version with the key layers, called 'Standard' and a version with up to 67 layers called 'Professional'. We also offer optional layers, that are not part of MasterMap such as 1m contours, freehold boundaries and listed buildings. The price for the data licence is determined by the following factors:
OS Mastermap Layers